Efficacy of ubrogepant based on prior exposure and response to triptans: A post hoc analysis

Andrew M. Blumenfeld, Peter J. Goadsby, David W. Dodick, Susan Hutchinson, Chengcheng Liu, Michelle Finnegan, Joel M. Trugman, Armin Szegedi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the potential efficacy of ubrogepant for acute treatment of migraine based on historical experience with triptans. Background: Although triptans have improved migraine treatment, their efficacy and tolerability may limit their utility in some individuals. Ubrogepant is a small-molecule, oral calcitonin gene–related peptide receptor antagonist approved by the Food and Drug Administration for acute treatment of migraine in adults. Methods: This post hoc analysis of pooled data from the pivotal trials ACHIEVE I and II, identically designed, randomized, double-blind, phase 3, single-attack trials of ubrogepant in adults with a history of migraine with/without aura, examined the efficacy and tolerability of ubrogepant 50 mg versus placebo based on participants’ historical experience with triptans: triptan responder, triptan-insufficient responder, and triptan naïve. Co-primary efficacy endpoints were pain freedom and absence of most bothersome migraine-associated symptom (MBS) 2 h post initial dose. Adverse events (AEs) within historical triptan experience subgroups were evaluated. Results: In the pooled analysis population (n = 1799), 682 (placebo, n = 350; ubrogepant 50 mg, n = 332), 451 (placebo, n = 223; ubrogepant, n = 228), and 666 (placebo, n = 339; ubrogepant, n = 327) participants were triptan responders, triptan-insufficient responders, and triptan-naïve, respectively. Response rates on co-primary efficacy endpoints were higher for ubrogepant versus placebo across all groups. Treatment-by-subgroup interaction p values based on odds ratios for pain freedom (p = 0.290) and absence of MBS (p = 0.705) indicated no significant impact of historical triptan experience on ubrogepant efficacy. AE incidence for ubrogepant did not differ appreciably across historical triptan experience subgroups. Conclusions: Ubrogepant efficacy and tolerability did not differ for the acute treatment of migraine in participants classified as triptan responders, triptan-insufficient responders, and triptan-naïve based on their historical experience with triptans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)422-429
Number of pages8
JournalHeadache
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • ACHIEVE
  • calcitonin gene–related peptide receptor antagonist
  • migraine
  • pain freedom
  • pain relief
  • triptan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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