Efficacy of tonsillectomy in treatment of recurrent group A β-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis

Laura J. Orvidas, Jennifer L. St. Sauver, Amy L. Weaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether children with tonsillectomies experienced fewer recurrent group A β-hemolytic streptococcal (GABHS) infections after surgery compared with children who did not receive tonsillectomies. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study of 290 children 4 to <16 years who experienced three or more episodes of group A β-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis at least 1 month apart in 12 months. RESULTS: Children without tonsillectomy were 3.1 times (95% confidence interval, 1.9-4.9; P < .001) more likely to develop a subsequent group A β-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis infection during follow up than children who underwent tonsillectomy after adjusting for the number of group A β-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis infections per patient within the previous year and the presence of preexisting conditions. Among the children who developed a subsequent group A β-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis infection, the children without a tonsillectomy developed a group A β-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngeal infection sooner (median, 0.6 vs. 1.1 years). CONCLUSIONS: Tonsillectomy is associated with a decrease in the number of group A β-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis infections in children with a history of recurrent groups A β-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis infection. Tonsillectomy also increased the amount of time before development of further GABHS pharyngitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1946-1950
Number of pages5
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume116
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006

Keywords

  • GABHS
  • Pediatrics
  • Pharyngitis
  • Tonsillectomy
  • Tonsillitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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