Efficacy of mechanical prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism in patients with brain tumors.

Kurtis I. Auguste, Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa, Mitchel S. Berger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with brain tumors are at considerable risk for the formation of venous thromboemboli. One method of preventing these complications is mechanical prophylaxis in which an external pneumatic compression device and graduated elastic compression stockings are used. Evidence indicates that these devices prevent deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) by limiting venous stasis and increasing fibrinolytic activity at both the local and systemic levels. The authors present evidence for the occurrence of both mechanisms and discuss the use of mechanical compression in the setting of surgery for brain tumors. They also present data proving the efficacy of these devices in patients who undergo craniotomy with motor mapping for resection of glioma and in whom the contralateral leg receives no prophylaxis. Finally, they comment on the use of anticoagulation therapy both in addition to and in place of mechanical prophylaxis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E3
JournalNeurosurgical focus
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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