The efficacy of azithromycin or clarithromycin was compared to that of amoxicillin, clindamycin, or erythromycin for the prevention of viridans group streptococcus experimental endocarditis. Rabbits with catheter-induced aortic valve vegetations were given no antibiotics or two doses of amoxicillin at 25 mg/kg of body weight, azithromycin at 10 mg/kg, clarithromycin at 10 mg/kg, clindamycin at 40 mg/kg followed by clindamycin at 20 mg/kg, or erythromycin at 10 mg/kg. Antibiotics were administered 0.5 h before and 5;5 h after intravenous infusion of 5 x 105 CFU of Streptococcus milleri. Forty-eight hours after bacterial inoculation, the rabbits were killed and aortic valve vegetations were aseptically removed and cultured for bacteria. Infective endocarditis occurred in 88% of untreated animals, 1% of animals receiving amoxicillin, 9% of animals receiving erythromycin, 0% of animals receiving clindamycin, 2.5% of animals receiving clarithromycin, and 1% of animals receiving azithromycin. All five regimens were more effective (P < 0.001) than no prophylaxis. Erythromycin was less effective (P < O 05) than amoxicillin or clindamycin. Azithromycin or clarithromycin was as effective as amoxicillin, clindamycin, or erythromycin for the prevention of viridans group streptococcus experimental endocarditis in this model.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy|
|State||Published - Aug 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases