Efficacy of a brief psychosocial treatment for panic disorder in an active duty sample: Implications for military readiness

Norman B. Schmidt, Jeffrey P. Staab, John H. Trakowski, Morgan Sammons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The efficacy of a brief cognitive-behavioral treatment for panic in military personnel was evaluated. Method: Active duty military patients (N = 37) presenting at outpatient psychiatry and psychology clinics were randomly assigned to immediate or delayed treatment conditions. All patients met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for a primary diagnosis of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Results: At posttreatment, 80% of the immediate treatment group, compared to 0% of the delayed treatment group, met recovery criteria on all major clinical facets of panic disorder (i.e., panic attacks, panic-related worry, phobic avoidance). At follow-up, 75% of the treated group continued to meet recovery criteria, suggesting maintenance of treatment gains. A majority of those patients (58%) taking benzodiazepines at the start of treatment were successfully discontinued by posttreatment. Conclusions: Brief, skill-based treatments for panic disorder are effective for a majority of active duty personnel. These treatments may also improve military readiness by facilitating benzodiazepine discontinuation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-129
Number of pages7
JournalMilitary medicine
Volume162
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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