Efficacy and safety of bevacizumab in progressive pediatric low-grade glioma: A systematic review and meta-analysis of outcome rates

Victor M. Lu, John P. Welby, Cody L. Nesvick, David J. Daniels

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Successful management of pediatric low-grade glioma (pLGG) can be complicated by eloquent anatomical location, as well as specific pathologic and molecular features. Some authors have proposed using the VEGF inhibitor bevacizumab to improve disease control, but its safety and efficacy are poorly defined. Correspondingly, our aim was to pool systematically identified clinical data in the literature to assess the clinical utility of bevacizumab for pLGG at progression. Methods. A systematic search of 7 electronic databases from inception to June 2019 was conducted following PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. Articles were screened against prespecified criteria. Outcomes were then pooled by random-effects meta-analyses of proportions. Results. Seven pertinent studies described the outcomes of 110 progressive pLGG patients managed with bevacizumab in largely multiagent regimens. While on treatment, the rate of clinical response was 58% (95% CI, 43%-72%), and the rate of response on imaging was 80% (95% CI, 58%-96%).The rate of grade 3 or higher toxicity was 8% (95% CI, 2%-17%), with proteinuria the most commonly described. In the off-treatment period up to median 1 year, the rate of progression was estimated to be 51% (95% CI, 28%-74%). Conclusions. Bevacizumab has the potential to control clinical and radiographic disease with relatively low grade 3 or higher toxicity risk in progressive pLGG patients. However, the long-term off-treatment benefits of this therapy are not yet well defined. Heterogeneity in the literature precludes any formal recommendations regarding its use until larger, more standardized investigations can be performed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-368
Number of pages10
JournalNeuro-Oncology Practice
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

Keywords

  • Avastin
  • Bevacizumab
  • Low-grade glioma
  • Pediatric
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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