Effects of the very late adhesion molecule 4 antagonist WAY103 on human peripheral blood eosinophil vascular cell adhesion molecule 1-dependent functions

Julie B. Sedgwick, Kristyn J. Jansen, Jeffrey D. Kennedy, Hirohito Kita, William W. Busse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Eosinophil infiltration to the lung in allergic inflammation can be initiated by the tethering of circulating cells through very late adhesion molecule 4 (VLA-4; α4β1, CD49d/CD29) to vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) expressed on pulmonary vascular endothelium. Small-molecule VLA-4 antagonists have been proposed as a therapeutic mechanism to prevent eosinophil infiltration in asthma; however, they might affect other eosinophil functions. Objective: The small-molecule VLA-4 antagonist (2S)-3-(4-Dimethylcarbamoyloxyphenyl)-2-{[(4R)-5,5-dimethyl-3-(1-methyl-1H- pyrazole-4 sulfonyl)thiazolidine-4-carbonyl]amino}propionic acid (WAY103) was assessed for its effects on eosinophil VLA-4-dependent functions, including adhesion, migration, respiratory burst, and degranulation. Methods: Human peripheral blood eosinophils were preincubated with WAY103, anti-α4, and/or anti-β2 integrin mAbs and then assessed for adhesion to recombinant VCAM-1, intercellular adhesion molecule 1, and endothelial cell monolayers. Transmigration was measured by using human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cell monolayers and Transwell filters. Superoxide anion generation was determined by means of cytochrome C reduction and degranulation by means of eosinophil-derived neurotoxin release. Results: WAY103 inhibition of eosinophil adhesion to recombinant VCAM-1 was dose dependent (63% inhibition with 100 nM WAY103, P < .04) and comparable with inhibition caused by anti-α4 mAb (60.1% inhibition). Although pretreatment with WAY103 also decreased eosinophil adhesion to TNF-α plus IL-4-activated human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cell monolayers, it did not prevent eosinophil transendothelial migration in response to RANTES. Finally, WAY103 inhibited VCAM-1-stimulated superoxide generation but enhanced cytokine-activated eosinophil-derived neurotoxin degranulation. Conclusion: Although small-molecule VLA-4 antagonists, such as WAY103, might reduce eosinophil adhesion, this approach might not be sufficient to eliminate this cell from in vivo allergic airway inflammatory participation and could even promote specific cell activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)812-819
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume116
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Degranulation
  • Endothelial cells
  • Eosinophil
  • Respiratory burst
  • Transendothelial migration
  • Vascular cell adhesion molecule 1
  • Very late adhesion molecule 4 antagonists

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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