Effects of the Short-Chain Triglyceride Triacetin on Intestinal Mucosa and Metabolic Substrates in Rats

Jamie W. Lynch, James W. Bailey, John M. Miles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diets containing either triacetin (the water-soluble triglyceride of acetate) or long-chain triglycerides (LCTs) were fed to rats to determine the effects on intestinal mucosa cells and plasma substrates. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed one of three diets, a control diet containing 5% of energy as LCTs or one of two experimental diets that contained 30% of energy as lipid. The lipid component of the two experimental diets was either 100% LCTs or 95% triacetin/5% LCTs. Plasma lactate, glucose, and total ketone body concentrations were not significantly different among dietary treatment groups. Compared with animals fed LCTs and control diet, plasma pyruvate and free fatty acid concentrations were decreased in animals fed triacetin. In contrast, plasma triglyceride concentrations were elevated in animals fed triacetin compared with other groups. Intestinal biochemical measures included total DNA, RNA, protein, and the protein:DNA ratio. Histologic indices measured were villus height in the jejunum and crypt depth in the colon. No significant difference in mucosal protein concentration was observed in the jejunum and colon. Jejunal RNA was significantly decreased in animals fed triacetin compared with other diets. Triacetin feeding significantly increased the DNA content in the jejunum and colon (thereby lowering the protein:DNA ratio), indicating smaller, more numerous cells. Jejunal villus height and colonic crypt depth were not significantly different among dietary treatment groups. Provision of a balanced diet containing 28.5% of the total calories as triacetin had no adverse effects on metabolic substrates and resulted in smaller and more numerous mucosal cells in the jejunum and colon. These data indicate that the short-chain triglyceride triacetin could aid in the maintenance of gut integrity and in the treatment of certain intestinal disorders. (Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 18:208-213, 1994).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-213
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of the Short-Chain Triglyceride Triacetin on Intestinal Mucosa and Metabolic Substrates in Rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this