Effects of specific activity on meta-[131I]iodobenzylguanidine kinetics in isolated rat heart

Timothy R. DeGrado, Michael R. Zalutsky, R. Edward Coleman, Ganesan Vaidyanathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of specific activity of meta-[131I]iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) were studied in uptake-2 blocked isolated perfused rat heart. [131I]MIBG was administered in the perfusate as an 8-min pulse, followed by an 80-min washout period. Kinetic analysis of the externally monitored time-activity curves gave estimates of uptake rate and multiexponential clearance. Uptake rate showed an MIBG concentration dependence that is sigmoidal, yielding Michaelis-Menten constants K(M) = 52 nM and V(max) = 0.23 nmol/min/g. Clearance rate was also dependent on loading MIBG concentrations; the primary effect of increasing loading concentration was an increase in the rate of the slowest clearance component, possibly reflecting nonspecific turnover. No effect of specific activity was observed on tissue uptake and retention of [131I]MIBG for loading concentrations of MIBG in the heart tissue under 0.5 nmol/g. Extrapolation of these results to human studies indicates that isotope-exchange-labeled [123I]MIBG has a specific activity sufficiently high to avoid mass effects on its heart retention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1998

Keywords

  • Catecholamine uptake
  • Meta-lodobenzylguanidine
  • Perfused rat heart
  • Sympathetic nervous system
  • Uptake-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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