Effects of recombinant human IGF-I on glucose and leucine kinetics in men

D. Elahi, M. McAloon-Dyke, N. K. Fukagawa, A. L. Sclater, G. A. Wong, R. P. Shannon, K. L. Minaker, J. M. Miles, A. H. Rubenstein, C. J. Vandepol, H. P. Guler, W. R. Good, J. J. Seaman, R. R. Wolfe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

To examine the effects of recombinant human (rh) insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), insulin, and saline on metabolic parameters, we studied 20 young nonobese healthy men. Euglycemic clamps with 240-min IGF-I infusions at two doses (49 and 33 pmol · kg-1 · min-1, n = 8 and 12 subjects) were performed and compared with hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamps (2.25 pmol · kg-1 · min-1, n = 9). Leucine and glucose kinetics were examined with L- [1-13C]leucine and [3-3H]glucose. Glucose rate of appearance (R(a)) declined equivalently in the 49 pmol · kg-1 · min-1 IGF-I and insulin clamps but remained at basal levels during the 33 pmol · kg-1 · min-1 IGF-I infusions. In contrast, R(d) of glucose was increased by 176% in the 49 pmol · kg-1 · min-1 IGF-I and 78% in the 33 pmol · kg-1 · min-1 IGF-I infusions. Furthermore, to prevent hypoglycemia after the termination of both rhIGF-I infusions, it was necessary to infuse glucose for an additional 2-20 h. R(a) of leucine was suppressed significantly by both IGF- I and insulin, whereas leucine oxidation was not affected by either hormone. Therefore, the rate of disappearance of leucine expressed as the difference between R(a) and oxidation rates was significantly reduced in all clamps. In addition, IGF-I significantly suppressed β-cell secretion without affecting the other glucoregulatory hormones. In contrast to insulin, IGF-I had no apparent effect on lipolysis, as measured by changes in nonesterified fatty acids. These data suggest that, in healthy men, 1) rhIGF-I infusions suppress proteolysis and stimulate glucose uptake in a qualitatively similar manner to insulin; 2) there is differential tissue and substrate sensitivity to IGF-I; and 3) the effect of IGF-I on glucose utilization is more prolonged compared with that of insulin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E831-E838
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume265
Issue number6 28-6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • amino acid metabolism
  • glucose metabolism
  • isotope tracers
  • nonesterified fatty acid
  • pancreatic secretion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Elahi, D., McAloon-Dyke, M., Fukagawa, N. K., Sclater, A. L., Wong, G. A., Shannon, R. P., Minaker, K. L., Miles, J. M., Rubenstein, A. H., Vandepol, C. J., Guler, H. P., Good, W. R., Seaman, J. J., & Wolfe, R. R. (1993). Effects of recombinant human IGF-I on glucose and leucine kinetics in men. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism, 265(6 28-6), E831-E838. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.1993.265.6.e831