Effects of multidisciplinary education on outcomes in patients with irritable bowel syndrome

Yuri Ann Saito Loftus, Charlene M. Prather, Carol T. Van Dyke, Sara Fett, Alan R. Zinsmeister, G. Richard Locke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background & Aims: The impact of education on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is not well known. This study evaluated the effect of a onetime group education program on patient-based outcomes in IBS. Methods: All adults referred by Mayo Clinic physicians to the Gastroenterology Division with a diagnosis of IBS between May 1997 and March 1998 were asked to participate. Questionnaires were administered at baseline and 6 months. Symptom resolution, change in pain severity, quality of life, Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile score, overall patient satisfaction, and health care utilization were compared among those patients who attended the multidisciplinary class and those who did not. Results: Of the 506 patients approached, 403 (80%) agreed to participate. The clinical diagnosis was confirmed in 344 patients (85%) on chart review; 211 patients (61%) subsequently completed a follow-up questionnaire. Overall, 29% of class attendees who met Rome criteria for IBS at baseline no longer met Rome criteria at follow-up, compared with 7% of nonattendees. By multivariate analysis, class attendance predicted higher odds of not meeting Rome criteria at follow-up in individuals meeting Rome criteria at baseline (odds ratio, 7.91; 95% confidence interval, 0.97-64.41) than in nonattendees, but the opposite effect was seen with class attendance in those not meeting Rome criteria at baseline. This interaction between baseline Rome status and class attendance was significant (P < 0.05). Class attendance was associated with improvement in Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile scores (P < 0.05) but not with change in pain, quality of life, satisfaction, or health care utilization. Conclusions: A onetime, multidisciplinary class for patients with IBS was associated with improvement in symptoms and health-promoting lifestyle behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)576-584
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume2
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2004

Fingerprint

Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Education
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
Life Style
Health
Quality of Life
Pain
Gastroenterology
Patient Satisfaction
Patient Care
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Physicians

Keywords

  • BDQ
  • Bowel Disease Questionnaire
  • General Severity Index of the SCL-90R
  • GSI
  • Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile
  • HPLP
  • IBS
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • PSC
  • Psychosomatic Symptom Checklist
  • SCL-90R
  • SF-36
  • Symptom Checklist-90R

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Effects of multidisciplinary education on outcomes in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. / Saito Loftus, Yuri Ann; Prather, Charlene M.; Van Dyke, Carol T.; Fett, Sara; Zinsmeister, Alan R.; Locke, G. Richard.

In: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Vol. 2, No. 7, 07.2004, p. 576-584.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Saito Loftus, Yuri Ann ; Prather, Charlene M. ; Van Dyke, Carol T. ; Fett, Sara ; Zinsmeister, Alan R. ; Locke, G. Richard. / Effects of multidisciplinary education on outcomes in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. In: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2004 ; Vol. 2, No. 7. pp. 576-584.
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