Effects of melatonin on ionic currents in cultured ocular tissues

Adam Rich, Gianrico Farrugia, James L. Rae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of melatonin on ionic conductances in a cultured mouse lens epithelial cell line (α-TN4) and in cultured human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells were measured using the amphotericin perforated patch whole cell voltage-clamp technique. Melatonin stimulated a voltage-dependent Na+- selective current in lens epithelial cells and trabecular meshwork cells. The effects of melatonin were observed at 50 pM and were maximal at 100 μM. Melatonin enhanced activation and inactivation kinetics, but no change was observed in the voltage dependence of activation. The results are consistent with an increase in the total number of ion channels available for activation by membrane depolarization. Melatonin was also found to stimulate a K+- selective current at high doses (1 mM). Melatonin did not affect the inwardly rectifying K+ current or the delayed rectifier type K+ current that has been described in cultured mouse lens epithelial cells. The results show that melatonin specifically stimulated the TTX-insensitive voltage-dependent Na+ current by an apparently novel mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume276
Issue number4 45-4
StatePublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Melatonin
Tissue
Lenses
Trabecular Meshwork
Epithelial Cells
Chemical activation
Electric potential
Depolarization
Clamping devices
Amphotericin B
Patch-Clamp Techniques
Ion Channels
Membranes
Cell Line
Kinetics

Keywords

  • Electrophysiology
  • Epithelium
  • Sodium channels
  • Trabecular meshwork

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Effects of melatonin on ionic currents in cultured ocular tissues. / Rich, Adam; Farrugia, Gianrico; Rae, James L.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, Vol. 276, No. 4 45-4, 1999.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The effects of melatonin on ionic conductances in a cultured mouse lens epithelial cell line (α-TN4) and in cultured human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells were measured using the amphotericin perforated patch whole cell voltage-clamp technique. Melatonin stimulated a voltage-dependent Na+- selective current in lens epithelial cells and trabecular meshwork cells. The effects of melatonin were observed at 50 pM and were maximal at 100 μM. Melatonin enhanced activation and inactivation kinetics, but no change was observed in the voltage dependence of activation. The results are consistent with an increase in the total number of ion channels available for activation by membrane depolarization. Melatonin was also found to stimulate a K+- selective current at high doses (1 mM). Melatonin did not affect the inwardly rectifying K+ current or the delayed rectifier type K+ current that has been described in cultured mouse lens epithelial cells. The results show that melatonin specifically stimulated the TTX-insensitive voltage-dependent Na+ current by an apparently novel mechanism.

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