Effects of intravenous low-dose dopamine infusion on glucose regulation during prolonged aerobic exercise

Blair D. Johnson, Ana B. Peinado, Sushant M. Ranadive, Timothy B. Curry, Michael J. Joyner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The carotid body chemoreceptors are activated during hypoglycemia and contribute to glucoregulation during prolonged exercise in dogs. Low-dose intravenous infusions of dopamine have been shown to blunt the activation of the carotid body chemoreceptors during hypoxia. Therefore, we tested the hypotheses that dopamine would blunt glucoregulatory responses and attenuate plasma glucose during prolonged aerobic exercise in healthy participants. Twelve healthy participants completed two randomized exercise sessions at 65% peak oxygen consumption for up to 120 min. Saline was infused during one exercise session, and dopamine (2 μg·kg-1·min-1) was infused during the other session. Arterial plasma glucose, growth hormone, glucagon, cortisol, norepinephrine, and epinephrine were measured every 10 min. Exercise duration during dopamine infusion was 107 ± 6 and 119 ± 0.8 min during saline infusion. Glucose area under the curve during exercise was lower during dopamine (9,821 ± 686 vs. 11,194 ± 395 arbitrary units; P = 0.016). The ratio of circulating growth hormone to glucose and the ratio of glucagon to glucose were greater during dopamine (P = 0.045 and 0.037, respectively). These results indicate that the infusion of dopamine during aerobic exercise impairs glucoregulation. This suggests that the carotid body chemoreceptors contribute to glucoregulation during prolonged exercise in healthy exercise-trained humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R49-R57
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume314
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Cortisol
  • Epinephrine
  • Glucagon
  • Growth hormone
  • Norepinephrine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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