Effects of glucocorticoids on carbohydrate metabolism

M. McMahon, J. Gerich, P. Rizza

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

308 Scopus citations


Glucocorticoid excess can decrease glucose utilization, increase hepatic glucose production, and stimulate glucagon secretion, lipolysis, proteolysis, and gluconeogenesis. These hormones also exert a permissive effect on gluconeogenesis, glycogenolysis, and lipolysis. All of these effects are accentuated by insulin deficiency. Hypercortisolemia potentiates the actions of catecholamines and glucagon on glucose production. Glucocorticoids, as long as present in permissive amouts, appear to play a minimal role - if any - in acute glucose counterregulation but may be important in the development of stress-induced hyperglycemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-30
Number of pages14
JournalDiabetes/Metabolism Reviews
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology

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