The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of temperature, velocity and load on the gliding resistance (GR) of flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) tendons in a human cadaver model. A total of 40 FDP tendons from the index through small digits of ten human cadavers were tested to assess the effect of temperature (4, 23 or 36°C), velocity (2, 4, 6, 8, 10 or 12. mm/s) and load (250, 500, 750, 1000, 1250 and 1500. g) on GR. The mean GR at 4 °C was significantly higher than the mean GR at 36 °C (p<0.0066). There was no significant difference in the mean GR of the tested velocities. The mean GR was proportional to load, with each successive load having significantly higher GR than the loads before it (all p<0.001). There was no significant difference in the mean GR by digit. In this in vitro model, we have demonstrated that tendon gliding resistance is proportional to load, independent of velocity and somewhat affected by temperature. We conclude that it is important to specify these conditions when reporting gliding resistance, especially load and temperature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Biomedical Engineering