Effects of a brief pain and smoking cessation intervention in adults with chronic pain: A randomized controlled trial

W. Michael Hooten, Lisa R. LaRowe, Emily L. Zale, Joseph W. Ditre, David Oman Warner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Tobacco cigarette smokers with comorbid chronic pain experience greater difficulty quitting smoking relative to those without chronic pain. A brief smoking cessation intervention was developed to address smoking in the context of chronic pain to increase the intention to engage in smoking cessation treatment. The primary aim of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate the effects of a brief pain and smoking (BPS) cessation intervention on the willingness to consider quitting smoking in adults with chronic pain seeking treatment in a pain specialty outpatient clinic. Subjects randomized to the BPS intervention were 7.5 times more likely to endorse willingness to consider quitting smoking. Subjects who received the BPS intervention were also greater than 2.5 times more likely to report an interest in learning about cessation programs, and nearly 5 times more likely to endorse willingness to consider participating in an intensive smoking cessation program. Moreover, subjects who received the BPS intervention evinced a trend-level reduction in perceived difficulty of quitting smoking. These results contribute to a growing multidisciplinary literature examining pain-smoking interrelations and suggest that smokers with chronic pain may become more willing to consider engaging a cessation attempt as awareness increases about how continued smoking may interfere with the clinical outcomes of pain treatment. These results are also consistent with clinical practice guidelines for promoting intention to quit among smokers currently unwilling to engage a quit attempt by incorporating strategies aimed at identifying ambivalence about the continued use of tobacco.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-179
Number of pages7
JournalAddictive Behaviors
StatePublished - May 1 2019


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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