cAMP plays a major role in cystogenesis. Recent in vitro studies suggested that cAMP stimulates B-Raf/ERK activation and proliferation of cyst-derived cells in a Ca2+ inhibitable, Ras-dependent manner. OPC-31260, a vasopressin V2 receptor (VPV2) antagonist, was shown to lower renal cAMP and inhibit renal disease development and progression in models orthologous to human cystic diseases. Here it is shown that OPC-41061, an antagonist chosen for its potency and selectivity for human VPV2, is effective in PCK rats. PCK kidneys have increased Ras-GTP and phosphorylated ERK levels and 95-kD/68-kD B-Raf ratios, changes that are corrected by the administration of OPC-31260 or OPC-41061. These results support the importance of cAMP in the pathogenesis of polycystic kidney disease, confirm the effectiveness of a VPV2 antagonist to be used in clinical trials for this disease, and suggest that OPC-31260 and OPC-41061 inhibit Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling in polycystic kidneys.
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