Effectiveness of smoking cessation self-help materials in a lung cancer screening population

Matthew M Clark, Lisa Sanderson Cox, James R. Jett, Christi Ann Patten, Darrell R. Schroeder, Liza M. Nirelli, Kristin Vickers, Richard D. Hurt, Stephen J. Swensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Randomized controlled trials of smoking interventions have not been well-documented for lung cancer screening populations. In this study, we randomly assigned 171 current smokers who were undergoing low-dose fast spiral chest CT (SCTS) for lung cancer screening to receive either standard written self-help materials or a written list of Internet resources for smoking cessation. At the 1-year follow-up, more of the subjects receiving Internet-based resources reported making a stop attempt (68% versus 48%, P=0.011). However, there were no statistically significant differences in 7-day point prevalence quit rates (5% versus 10%) or advancement in motivational readiness to stop smoking (27% versus 30%), respectively, between the groups. Clearly, more investigation is warranted into how to tailor smoking interventions for cancer screening participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-21
Number of pages9
JournalLung Cancer
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2004

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Smoking Cessation
Early Detection of Cancer
Lung Neoplasms
Smoking
Internet
Population
Spiral Computed Tomography
Thorax
Randomized Controlled Trials

Keywords

  • Chest CT screening
  • Counseling
  • Internet resources
  • Intervention
  • Motivation
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

Cite this

Effectiveness of smoking cessation self-help materials in a lung cancer screening population. / Clark, Matthew M; Cox, Lisa Sanderson; Jett, James R.; Patten, Christi Ann; Schroeder, Darrell R.; Nirelli, Liza M.; Vickers, Kristin; Hurt, Richard D.; Swensen, Stephen J.

In: Lung Cancer, Vol. 44, No. 1, 04.2004, p. 13-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Clark, MM, Cox, LS, Jett, JR, Patten, CA, Schroeder, DR, Nirelli, LM, Vickers, K, Hurt, RD & Swensen, SJ 2004, 'Effectiveness of smoking cessation self-help materials in a lung cancer screening population', Lung Cancer, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 13-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2003.10.001
Clark, Matthew M ; Cox, Lisa Sanderson ; Jett, James R. ; Patten, Christi Ann ; Schroeder, Darrell R. ; Nirelli, Liza M. ; Vickers, Kristin ; Hurt, Richard D. ; Swensen, Stephen J. / Effectiveness of smoking cessation self-help materials in a lung cancer screening population. In: Lung Cancer. 2004 ; Vol. 44, No. 1. pp. 13-21.
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