Effect of unilateral denervation on maximum specific force in rat diaphragm muscle fibers

Paige C. Geiger, Mark J. Cody, Rebecca L. Macken, Megan E. Bayrd, Gary C. Sieck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

We hypothesize that 1) the effect of denervation (DNV) is more pronounced in fibers expressing fast myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms and 2) the effect of DNV on maximum specific force reflects a reduction in MHC content per half sarcomere or the number of cross bridges in parallel. Studies were performed on single Triton X-100-permeabilized fibers activated at a pCa (-log Ca2+ concentration) of 4.0. MHC content per half sarcomere was determined by densitometric analysis of SDS-PAGE gels and comparison to a standard curve of known MHC concentrations. After 2 of wk DNV, the maximum specific force of fibers expressing MHC2X was reduced by ∼40% (MHC2B expression was absent), whereas the maximum specific force of fibers expressing MHC2A and MHCslow decreased by only ∼20%. DNV also reduced the MHC content in fibers expressing MHC2X, with no effect on fibers expressing MHC2A and MHCslow. When normalized for MHC content per half sarcomere, force generated by DNV fibers expressing MHC2X and MHC2A was decreased compared with control fibers. These results suggest the force per cross bridge is also affected by DNV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1196-1204
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume90
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 28 2001

Keywords

  • Force per cross bridge
  • Inactivity
  • Myosin heavy chain content
  • Skinned fibers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Geiger, P. C., Cody, M. J., Macken, R. L., Bayrd, M. E., & Sieck, G. C. (2001). Effect of unilateral denervation on maximum specific force in rat diaphragm muscle fibers. Journal of applied physiology, 90(4), 1196-1204.