Effect of triiodothyronine on leucine kinetics metabolic rate, glucose concentration and insulin secretion rate during two weeks of fasting in obese women

K Sreekumaran Nair, D. Halliday, G. C. Ford, J. S. Garrow

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Abstract

We investigated the effect of the fasting-induced reduction in triiodothyronine (T3) on metabolic changes that occur during fasting. In five obese women (T3 group) the serum T3 level during a 2200 kcal/day diet was 3.34 ± 0.23 nmol/l while taking 20 μg T3 8-hourly, 0.65 ± 0.04 after one week of fasting while not taking T3, and 2.9 ± 0.3 after a second week of fasting while taking T3 20 μg 8-hourly. In three other obese women (control group) who did not take T3, T3 concentrations decreased during fasting and remained low at the end of both the first and second week of fasting. In the T3 group, resting metabolic rate (RMR) (O2 ml/min) decreased 11.7 percent at the end of one week of fasting, but then increased by 5.3 percent at the end of the second week of fasting, whereas in the control group RMR decreased by 13.1 percent after one week of fasting and a further fall of 13.3 percent occurred by the end of the second week of fasting. The RMR at the end of 2 weeks of fasting of the control group was significantly lower (P < 0.05) than predicted using the equation of Dore, whereas that of the T3 group was as predicted using the same equation. The changes in leucine flux, leucine oxidation and non-oxidative portion of leucine flux were not different during fasting between the T3 group and the control group. Plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin and C-peptide increased from the end of one week of fasting to the end of 2 weeks of fasting in the T3 group, whereas they decreased in the control group. It is concluded that the changes in T3 concentration during fasting affected RMR, glucose metabolism and insulin secretion but failed to influence leucine metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-496
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume13
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

insulin secretion
Triiodothyronine
triiodothyronine
Leucine
leucine
fasting
Fasting
Insulin
kinetics
Glucose
glucose
Basal Metabolism
resting metabolic rate
Control Groups
metabolism
C-Peptide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Effect of triiodothyronine on leucine kinetics metabolic rate, glucose concentration and insulin secretion rate during two weeks of fasting in obese women",
abstract = "We investigated the effect of the fasting-induced reduction in triiodothyronine (T3) on metabolic changes that occur during fasting. In five obese women (T3 group) the serum T3 level during a 2200 kcal/day diet was 3.34 ± 0.23 nmol/l while taking 20 μg T3 8-hourly, 0.65 ± 0.04 after one week of fasting while not taking T3, and 2.9 ± 0.3 after a second week of fasting while taking T3 20 μg 8-hourly. In three other obese women (control group) who did not take T3, T3 concentrations decreased during fasting and remained low at the end of both the first and second week of fasting. In the T3 group, resting metabolic rate (RMR) (O2 ml/min) decreased 11.7 percent at the end of one week of fasting, but then increased by 5.3 percent at the end of the second week of fasting, whereas in the control group RMR decreased by 13.1 percent after one week of fasting and a further fall of 13.3 percent occurred by the end of the second week of fasting. The RMR at the end of 2 weeks of fasting of the control group was significantly lower (P < 0.05) than predicted using the equation of Dore, whereas that of the T3 group was as predicted using the same equation. The changes in leucine flux, leucine oxidation and non-oxidative portion of leucine flux were not different during fasting between the T3 group and the control group. Plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin and C-peptide increased from the end of one week of fasting to the end of 2 weeks of fasting in the T3 group, whereas they decreased in the control group. It is concluded that the changes in T3 concentration during fasting affected RMR, glucose metabolism and insulin secretion but failed to influence leucine metabolism.",
author = "Nair, {K Sreekumaran} and D. Halliday and Ford, {G. C.} and Garrow, {J. S.}",
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T1 - Effect of triiodothyronine on leucine kinetics metabolic rate, glucose concentration and insulin secretion rate during two weeks of fasting in obese women

AU - Nair, K Sreekumaran

AU - Halliday, D.

AU - Ford, G. C.

AU - Garrow, J. S.

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - We investigated the effect of the fasting-induced reduction in triiodothyronine (T3) on metabolic changes that occur during fasting. In five obese women (T3 group) the serum T3 level during a 2200 kcal/day diet was 3.34 ± 0.23 nmol/l while taking 20 μg T3 8-hourly, 0.65 ± 0.04 after one week of fasting while not taking T3, and 2.9 ± 0.3 after a second week of fasting while taking T3 20 μg 8-hourly. In three other obese women (control group) who did not take T3, T3 concentrations decreased during fasting and remained low at the end of both the first and second week of fasting. In the T3 group, resting metabolic rate (RMR) (O2 ml/min) decreased 11.7 percent at the end of one week of fasting, but then increased by 5.3 percent at the end of the second week of fasting, whereas in the control group RMR decreased by 13.1 percent after one week of fasting and a further fall of 13.3 percent occurred by the end of the second week of fasting. The RMR at the end of 2 weeks of fasting of the control group was significantly lower (P < 0.05) than predicted using the equation of Dore, whereas that of the T3 group was as predicted using the same equation. The changes in leucine flux, leucine oxidation and non-oxidative portion of leucine flux were not different during fasting between the T3 group and the control group. Plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin and C-peptide increased from the end of one week of fasting to the end of 2 weeks of fasting in the T3 group, whereas they decreased in the control group. It is concluded that the changes in T3 concentration during fasting affected RMR, glucose metabolism and insulin secretion but failed to influence leucine metabolism.

AB - We investigated the effect of the fasting-induced reduction in triiodothyronine (T3) on metabolic changes that occur during fasting. In five obese women (T3 group) the serum T3 level during a 2200 kcal/day diet was 3.34 ± 0.23 nmol/l while taking 20 μg T3 8-hourly, 0.65 ± 0.04 after one week of fasting while not taking T3, and 2.9 ± 0.3 after a second week of fasting while taking T3 20 μg 8-hourly. In three other obese women (control group) who did not take T3, T3 concentrations decreased during fasting and remained low at the end of both the first and second week of fasting. In the T3 group, resting metabolic rate (RMR) (O2 ml/min) decreased 11.7 percent at the end of one week of fasting, but then increased by 5.3 percent at the end of the second week of fasting, whereas in the control group RMR decreased by 13.1 percent after one week of fasting and a further fall of 13.3 percent occurred by the end of the second week of fasting. The RMR at the end of 2 weeks of fasting of the control group was significantly lower (P < 0.05) than predicted using the equation of Dore, whereas that of the T3 group was as predicted using the same equation. The changes in leucine flux, leucine oxidation and non-oxidative portion of leucine flux were not different during fasting between the T3 group and the control group. Plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin and C-peptide increased from the end of one week of fasting to the end of 2 weeks of fasting in the T3 group, whereas they decreased in the control group. It is concluded that the changes in T3 concentration during fasting affected RMR, glucose metabolism and insulin secretion but failed to influence leucine metabolism.

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