Objectives: To measure the intraprocedural change in left atrial pressure (LAP) with saline administration during transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR). Background: TMVR with MitraClip offers an alternative to surgery in select patients. During this procedure, large volumes of fluid are routinely administered with anesthesia and to facilitate transcatheter valve repair. LAP, a measure used to guide repair, may thereby change as a result of volume expansion, suggesting a need for continuous intracardiac pressure monitoring. Methods: Consecutive patients with severe mitral regurgitation underwent TMVR with MitraClip and continuous LAP monitoring through a dedicated sampling catheter. Specific LAP values were acquired immediately after transseptal access; before first clip deployment; and after deployment of the last clip. Results: 151 patients (age 80 ± 8 years, 64% male) underwent TMVR with MitraClip and continuous LAP monitoring. Mean LAP and v-wave pressure increased significantly from baseline to pre-MitraClip deployment (P < 0.0001) and decreased significantly from deployment to procedure end (P < 0.0001). Linear regression of v-wave pressure change (from procedure start to clip deployment) relative to volume administration yielded a significantly nonzero slope (0.28 mmHg/min, P < 0.0001, r = 0.30). Conclusion: Fluid administration during TMVR leads to time-dependent increases in LAP. Such intraprocedural change underscores the need for targeted, if not continuous, LAP measurement during TMVR to optimize MitraClip placement and mitral regurgitation reduction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine