Objective To assess early and late outcomes, including bleeding, in patients with thrombocytopenia undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients and Methods We performed a retrospective single-center study of patients with preprocedural thrombocytopenia (platelet count ≤100,000/μL; n=204) undergoing PCI between 2003 and 2015. Inhospital and late outcomes were compared with those of a matched control group without thrombocytopenia (n=1281). Results The most common causes of thrombocytopenia were liver disease, immune-mediated disease, and hematologic malignant neoplasms. Inhospital bleeding events after PCI were similar in patients with thrombocytopenia and matched controls (24 of 146 [16.4%] vs 179 of 1281 [14.0%]; P=.40) and were largely classified as minor using the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) classification (89% BARC 1 or 2). There was no significant difference in inhospital death (4 of 146 [2.7%] vs 71 of 1281 [2.0%]; P=.56), but patients with thrombocytopenia had higher rates of platelet and red blood cell transfusion (18 of 146 [12.3%] vs 93 of 1281 [7.2%]; P=.05). During long-term follow-up, Kaplan-Meier estimated rates of bleeding events (BARC ≥2) were higher for thrombocytopenia (at 5 years, 7.9% vs 3.6%; P=.03). Patients with thrombocytopenia had a similar risk of long-term cardiac mortality, but significantly higher rates of noncardiac mortality (at 5 years, 28% vs 21%; P=.02). Conclusion This study suggests that short-term outcomes after PCI in patients with thrombocytopenia were favorable. On long-term follow-up, thrombocytopenia was associated with a higher risk of long-term noncardiac mortality and bleeding.
ASJC Scopus subject areas