Effect of neurotensin on mechanical and intracellular electrical activity of the canine stomach

K. M. Sanders, P. Schmalz, J. H. Szurszewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intracellular microelectrode and standard organ bath techniques were used to study in vitro the effects of neurotensin on the electrical and mechanical activities of canine antral circular smooth muscle. Neurotensin reduced or abolished spontaneous contractions. Muscarinic and adrenergic antagonists and tetrodotoxin did not block the effects of neurotensin, suggesting that the action of neurotensin was due to a direct action on the smooth muscle cell. Although the inhibitory effect of norepinephrine and neurotensin was similar, the effect of neurotensin did not appear to occur by an adrenergic mechanism because α- and β-receptor blockade had no effect. Neurotensin also reduced or abolished contractions stimulated by pentagastrin and acetylcholine. The inhibitory effect of neurotensin on spontaneous acetylcholine- and pentagastrin-stimulated contractions was associated with a decrease in the amplitude and duration of the plateau potential of the gastric action potential. The data suggest that modulation of antral contractions by neurotensin occurs through a voltage-dependent mechanism that operates during the plateau potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G404-G409
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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