Effect of Mavacamten on Echocardiographic Features in Symptomatic Patients With Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Sheila M. Hegde, Steven J. Lester, Scott D. Solomon, Michelle Michels, Perry M. Elliott, Sherif F. Nagueh, Lubna Choudhury, David Zemanek, Donna R. Zwas, Daniel Jacoby, Andrew Wang, Carolyn Y. Ho, Wanying Li, Amy J. Sehnert, Iacopo Olivotto, Theodore P. Abraham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: EXPLORER-HCM (Clinical Study to Evaluate Mavacamten [MYK-461] in Adults With Symptomatic Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy) demonstrated that mavacamten, a cardiac myosin inhibitor, improves symptoms, exercise capacity, and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (oHCM). Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate mavacamten's effect on measures of cardiac structure and function and its association with changes in other clinical measures. Methods: Key echocardiographic parameters from serial echocardiograms over 30 weeks from 251 symptomatic oHCM patients (mavacamten [n = 123], placebo [n = 128]) were assessed in a core laboratory. Results: More patients on mavacamten (80.9%; n = 76 of 94) vs placebo (34.0%; n = 33 of 97) showed complete resolution of mitral valve systolic anterior motion after 30 weeks (difference, 46.8%; P < 0.0001). Mavacamten also improved measures of diastolic function vs placebo, including left atrial volume index (LAVI) (mean ± SD baseline: 40 ± 12 mL/m2 vs 41 ± 14 mL/m2; mean change from baseline of –7.5 mL/m2 [95% CI: –9.0 to –6.1 mL/m2] vs –0.09 mL/m2 [95% CI: –1.6 to 1.5 mL/m2]; P < 0.0001) and lateral E/e’ (baseline, 15 ± 6 vs 15 ± 8; change of –3.8 [95% CI: –4.7 to –2.8] vs 0.04 [95% CI: –0.9 to 1.0]; P < 0.0001). Among mavacamten-treated patients, improvement in resting, Valsalva, and post-exercise LVOT gradients, LAVI, and lateral E/e’ was associated with reduction in N-terminal pro–B-type natriuretic peptide (P ≤ 0.03 for all). Reduction in LAVI was associated with improved peak exercise oxygen consumption (P = 0.04). Conclusions: Mavacamten significantly improved measures of left ventricular diastolic function and systolic anterior motion. Improvement in LVOT obstruction, LAVI, and E/e’ was associated with reduction in a biomarker of myocardial wall stress (N-terminal pro–B-type natriuretic peptide). These findings demonstrate improvement in important markers of the pathophysiology of oHCM with mavacamten. (Clinical Study to Evaluate Mavacamten [MYK-461] in Adults With Symptomatic Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy; NCT03470545)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2518-2532
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume78
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 21 2021

Keywords

  • N-terminal pro–B-type natriuretic peptide
  • diastolic function
  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • mavacamten

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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