Effect of heparin and dextran sulfate on cationic polypeptide-induced endothelial dysfunction in isolated canine basilar artery

H. Kinoshita, Zvonimir S Katusic

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Cationic polypeptides can be released by activated leukocytes. Previous studies indicated that cationic polypeptides cause endothelial dysfunction by inhibiting endothelium-dependent relaxations. The present study was designed to determine if, in cerebral arteries, anionic molecules heparin and dextran sulfate may prevent endothelial dysfunction induced by synthetic cationic polypeptides poly-L-arginine (PLA; 10-6M) and poly-L-lysine (PLL; 10-6 M). Rings of canine basilar arteries with endothelium were suspended in organ chambers for isometric tension recordings. All experiments were performed in arteries treated with indomethacin (10-5M). In arteries exposed to PLA (10-6M) or PLL (10-6M), endotheliumdependent relaxations to bradykinin (10-10 to 10-6M) were abolished. Pretreatment with heparin (50 U/ml) or dextran sulfate (200 ug/ml) restored relaxations to bradykinin. These results suggest that in cerebral arteries negatively charged molecules prevent endothelial dysfunction induced by cationic polypeptides via charge dependent mechanism. We speculate that negatively charged molecules can protect cerebral endothelial cells from functional damage during inflammatory vascular diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFASEB Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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