Recent studies have shown conflicting data regarding left ventricular (LV) function in patients with neurocardiogenic syncope, with some investigators reporting a marked decrease in LV end-systolic wall stress and stress-corrected fractional shortening. We sought to determine the characteristics of resting LV deformation in patients with neurocardiogenic syncope by selective motion tracking of subendocardial and subepicardial regions using speckle tracking echocardiography. We assessed resting LV function in 82 patients undergoing head-up tilt-table (HUTT) testing. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on a positive HUTT test with associated co-morbid conditions (n = 30), no associated co-morbid conditions (n = 30), or negative HUTT results (n = 22). LV longitudinal, circumferential, and radial strains were obtained by speckle tracking echocardiography of subendocardial and subepicardial regions in each group and compared with resting LV deformation in 20 healthy control subjects. Compared with endocardial longitudinal strain in control subjects, that in patients with positive HUTT results was attenuated, irrespective of co-morbid conditions (p <0.05). Circumferential and radial strains did not differ among groups. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, endocardial longitudinal strain was an independent predictor (odds ratio, 1.16; p = 0.01) of positive HUTT test results. In conclusion, resting LV longitudinal strain is attenuated in patients with positive HUTT test results. Overall, these results may suggest that an increase in resting LV contractility is not a prerequisite for development of neurocardiogenic syncope.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine