Effect of endogenous natriuretic peptide system on ventricular and coronary function in failing heart

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Abstract

Ventricular concentrations of atrial, brain (BNP) and C-type natriuretic peptide are enhanced in congestive heart failure (CHF). Natriuretic peptide receptors are present on ventricular myocytes and stimulate guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) production. cGMP has been demonstrated to affect myocyte function in vitro. Thus we hypothesized that the intracardiac natriuretic peptide system may modulate myocardial and coronary function in CHF. To test this hypothesis, the effects of an intracoronary infusion of the natriuretic peptide receptor antagonist HS-142-1 on ventricular and coronary function were examined in anesthetized dogs with chronic CHF. To determine whether receptor stimulation had contrasting effects to those of receptor blockade, intracoronary BNP was infused in anesthetized normal and CHF dogs. Low-dose HS-142-1 delayed and slowed left ventricular (LV) relaxation and decreased coronary blood flow without changes in LV pressures. Higher doses further impaired LV relaxation without further decreases in coronary blood flow. In normal and CHF dogs, exogenous BNP produced the opposite effect with a quicker onset and faster rate of LV relaxation without effects on LV pressures or coronary blood flow. The endogenous natriuretic peptide system has an autocrine-paracrine role to modulate LV and coronary vascular function in CHF. ventricular function; coronary circulation; guanosine 3',5'cyclic monophosphate; heart failure

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume42
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1997

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Natriuretic Peptides
Ventricular Function
Heart Failure
Peptide Receptors
Cyclic GMP
Ventricular Pressure
Dogs
Muscle Cells
C-Type Natriuretic Peptide
Coronary Circulation
Blood Vessels
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Effect of endogenous natriuretic peptide system on ventricular and coronary function in failing heart",
abstract = "Ventricular concentrations of atrial, brain (BNP) and C-type natriuretic peptide are enhanced in congestive heart failure (CHF). Natriuretic peptide receptors are present on ventricular myocytes and stimulate guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) production. cGMP has been demonstrated to affect myocyte function in vitro. Thus we hypothesized that the intracardiac natriuretic peptide system may modulate myocardial and coronary function in CHF. To test this hypothesis, the effects of an intracoronary infusion of the natriuretic peptide receptor antagonist HS-142-1 on ventricular and coronary function were examined in anesthetized dogs with chronic CHF. To determine whether receptor stimulation had contrasting effects to those of receptor blockade, intracoronary BNP was infused in anesthetized normal and CHF dogs. Low-dose HS-142-1 delayed and slowed left ventricular (LV) relaxation and decreased coronary blood flow without changes in LV pressures. Higher doses further impaired LV relaxation without further decreases in coronary blood flow. In normal and CHF dogs, exogenous BNP produced the opposite effect with a quicker onset and faster rate of LV relaxation without effects on LV pressures or coronary blood flow. The endogenous natriuretic peptide system has an autocrine-paracrine role to modulate LV and coronary vascular function in CHF. ventricular function; coronary circulation; guanosine 3',5'cyclic monophosphate; heart failure",
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year = "1997",
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AB - Ventricular concentrations of atrial, brain (BNP) and C-type natriuretic peptide are enhanced in congestive heart failure (CHF). Natriuretic peptide receptors are present on ventricular myocytes and stimulate guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) production. cGMP has been demonstrated to affect myocyte function in vitro. Thus we hypothesized that the intracardiac natriuretic peptide system may modulate myocardial and coronary function in CHF. To test this hypothesis, the effects of an intracoronary infusion of the natriuretic peptide receptor antagonist HS-142-1 on ventricular and coronary function were examined in anesthetized dogs with chronic CHF. To determine whether receptor stimulation had contrasting effects to those of receptor blockade, intracoronary BNP was infused in anesthetized normal and CHF dogs. Low-dose HS-142-1 delayed and slowed left ventricular (LV) relaxation and decreased coronary blood flow without changes in LV pressures. Higher doses further impaired LV relaxation without further decreases in coronary blood flow. In normal and CHF dogs, exogenous BNP produced the opposite effect with a quicker onset and faster rate of LV relaxation without effects on LV pressures or coronary blood flow. The endogenous natriuretic peptide system has an autocrine-paracrine role to modulate LV and coronary vascular function in CHF. ventricular function; coronary circulation; guanosine 3',5'cyclic monophosphate; heart failure

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