Objective: To examine the mortality of diabetic vs nondiabetic patients with anterior myocardial infarction (AMI) among the subsets of this population who did and did not develop cardiogenic shock. Patients and Methods: The study population consisted of a consecutive series of 1263 Olmsted County, Minnesota, patients admitted to the coronary care unit at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn, between January 1, 1988, and July 31, 2000. Of these patients, 73 met the criteria for cardiogenic shock during their hospitalization. In-hospital and postadmission mortality were compared between diabetic and nondiabetic patients within the cardiogenic shock and nonshock patient groups, respectively. Results: In patients with AMI and cardiogenic shock, diabetes was associated with a trend for increased inhospital mortality (odds ratio, 2.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.90-9.92; P=.08). In 73 patients with cardiogenic shock, estimated survival at 1, 3, and 5 years was 25%, 17%, and 17%, respectively, for diabetic patients, and 50%, 44%, and 36%, respectively, for nondiabetic patients (P=.046). The association between diabetic patients and increased long-term mortality was stronger in patients with cardiogenic shock than in patients without cardiogenic shock (adjusted relative risk, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.11-3.90; P=.02). In diabetic patients without cardiogenic shock, estimated survival at 1, 3, and 5 years was low, at 75%, 61%, and 45%, respectively, compared with 83%, 76%, and 69%, respectively, for nondiabetic patients (adjusted relative risk, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.02-1.62; P=.03). Conclusions: The presence of diabetes as a comorbidity in patients with AMI appears to be associated with increased mortality compared with nondiabetic patients, and this relationship may be potentially magnified in patients who develop cardiogenic shock.
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