PURPOSE: To measure the relative efficacy of brinzolamide hydrochloride 1% ophthalmic suspension, a new carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, compared with the currently used dorzolamide hydrochloride 2% ophthalmic solution as suppressors of aqueous humor flow in human eyes, and to study the difference of effect during the day and at night. METHODS: A randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled study of 25 normal human subjects was carried out at Mayo Clinic. The daytime rate of aqueous humor flow was measured every 2 hours from 8 AM to 4 PM by means of fluorophotometry. Likewise, the nighttime rate of aqueous humor flow was measured every 2 hours from 12 AM to 6 AM. Intraocular pressure was measured at 4 PM and 6 AM. RESULTS: Brinzolamide reduced aqueous flow by 0.47 ± 0.20 μl per min (mean ± SD) during the day, whereas dorzolamide reduced flow by 0.34 ± 0.20 μl per min. Brinzolamide reduced aqueous flow by 0.16 ± 0.12 μl per min during the night, whereas dorzolamide reduced flow by 0.10 ± 0.13 μl per min. Brinzolamide reduced afternoon intraocular pressure by 1.5 ± 1.1 mm Hg, and dorzolamide reduced afternoon intraocular pressure by 1.1 ± 1.0 mm Hg. Brinzolamide reduced the morning awakening intraocular pressure by 0.3 ± 1.6 mm Hg, and dorzolamide reduced it by 0.8 ± 1.0 mm Hg. CONCLUSIONS: Our data support the idea that brinzolamide is at least as efficacious as dorzolamide as a suppressor of aqueous humor flow in normal human eyes and that there is probably not a clinically significant difference between the two drugs in this efficacy. Clinicians who prescribe brinzolamide should expect similar ocular hypotensive responses from brinzolamide and dorzolamide. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.
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