Effect of bariatric surgery on cardiometabolic risk in elderly patients: A population-based study

John A. Batsis, William R. Miranda, Chaithra Prasad, Maria L. Collazo-Clavell, Michael G. Sarr, Virend K. Somers, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: Obesity is a major cardiovascular (CV) risk factor. Bariatric surgery (BSx) is an approved therapeutic alternative for classII-III obesity, but little evidence focuses on older adults. We assessed the effect of BSx on cardiometabolic variables and long-term CV risk in older adults. Methods: We carried out a population-based, observational study from 1990-2009, of 40 consecutive elderly (age ≥60 years) residents of Olmsted County, MN, USA, with classII-III obesity treated with BSx at a University-based, academic health center. Data were obtained from the Rochester Epidemiology Project. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was defined using American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute (AHA/NHLBI) criteria (increased triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein, increased blood pressure, increased glucose and body mass index as a modified measure of obesity instead of waist circumference). Change in CV risk factors, MetS prevalence, and impact on predicted CV risk using the Framingham risk score was ascertained at 1 year postoperatively and assessed statistically. Results: Mean age and body mass index were 64.4±3.7 and 45.0±6.3kg/m2, respectively, and 28 out of 40 (70%) were women. One participant died during the 11-month study period after BSx from respiratory complications related to BSx, and one participant died at 2 years. Percentage of excess weight loss decreased by 57.5% at 1 year. Prevalence 1 year after BSx decreased for diabetes (57.5% to 22.5%; P<0.03), hypertension 87.5% to 73.7% (P=0.003), dyslipidemia (80% to 42.5%; P<0.001) and sleep apnea (62.5% to 23.7%; P<0.001).MetS prevalence decreased from 80% to 45% (P<0.002). Baseline risk was 14.1%, which changed at follow up at 8.2%. Conclusions: In older adults, BSx induces considerable weight loss, improves CV risk factors, decreases MetS prevalence and is an effective treatment in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)618-624
Number of pages7
JournalGeriatrics and Gerontology International
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Elderly
  • Framingham risk
  • Metabolic risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of bariatric surgery on cardiometabolic risk in elderly patients: A population-based study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this