Effect of allogeneic stem cell transplantation on bone marrow angiogenesis in chronic myelogenous leukemia

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Abstract

Increased bone marrow angiogenesis is a poor prognostic marker in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) can be curative for patients with CML. Studies in myeloma have shown persistent increased bone marrow microvessel density (MVD) after autologous transplantation. It is not clear if abnormal bone marrow angiogenesis persists following a curative intervention like allogeneic transplantation. We evaluated MVD from bone marrow samples obtained just prior to and at 3-5 months after ASCT in 24 patients with CML. The median MVD pre-transplant was 14 (4-37), with 11 patients having high-grade angiogenesis and 13 having low grade. The median post transplant MVD was 20 (range 5-36), with 12 patients having high-grade angiogenesis and 12 low grade. The median time between biopsies was 4 months (range 1-6 months). The microvessels in the post transplant bone marrow appeared morphologically different with striking dilatation and sinusoidal appearance compared to the pre-transplant marrow. However, there was no significant change in MVD following transplant (P = 0.8, paired t-test). Abnormal bone marrow angiogenesis appears to persist in the bone marrow following ASCT for CML, at least in the short term.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1065-1069
Number of pages5
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003

Keywords

  • Allogeneic transplantation
  • Angiogenesis
  • CML
  • Microvessel density

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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