Effect of a motivational interviewing-based health coaching on quality of life in subjects with COPD

Hamid Rehman, Craig Karpman, Kristin Vickers Douglas, Roberto P. Benzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Improving quality of life (QOL) is a key goal in the care of patients with COPD. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has clearly been shown to improve QOL, but is not accessible to many eligible patients. There is a need for alternative programs designed to improve patient well-being that are accessible to all patients with COPD. Our goal was to pilot test a simple, telephone-based health-coaching intervention that was recently shown to decrease readmission among hospitalized COPD patients and stable COPD patients eligible for PR. METHODS: Subjects received a 3-month intervention consisting of 10 health-coaching telephone calls based on motivational interviewing principles. Outcome measures included dyspnea level, measured by the modified Medical Research Council scale, and QOL, measured by the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire and a single-item general self-rated health status. RESULTS: Fifty subjects with moderate to severe COPD were enrolled in the study. Forty-four subjects (86%) completed the study intervention. Dyspnea measured by the modified Medical Research Council score improved significantly after the intervention (P =.002). The domains of fatigue, emotional function, and mastery on the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire and the single-item QOL question also improved significantly after the 3 months of health coaching (P =.001, P =.001, P =.007, and P =.03, respectively). Thirty-six (71%) subjects had a clinically meaningful improvement in at least 1 study end point (either in the severity of dyspnea or a domain of QOL). Thirty subjects (58%) had an improvement of ≥0.5 points, the minimum clinically important difference in at least 1 component of the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: A telephone-delivered motivational interviewing-based coaching program for COPD patients is a feasible, well-accepted (by both participants and providers), simple, and novel intervention to improve the well-being of patients with COPD. This pilot study provides insight into a possible alternative to a conventional PR program for patients with limited access to that program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1043-1048
Number of pages6
JournalRespiratory care
Volume62
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2018

Keywords

  • COPD
  • Health coaching
  • Health status
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Motivational interviewing
  • Physical status
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation
  • mMRC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of a motivational interviewing-based health coaching on quality of life in subjects with COPD'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this