Echocardiography in pericardial diseases: New developments

Gabriella Veress, Dali Feng, Jae K. Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Echocardiography is one of the most important clinical tools in the diagnosis and management of various pericardial diseases, including constrictive pericarditis, effusive constrictive pericarditis, pericardial effusion, tamponade, absence of the pericardium and cysts or tumors. During recent years, remarkable progress has been made in echocardiography: cardiac tissue Doppler analysis (TDI), strain and strain rate imaging by speckle tracking imaging (STE) and three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography. The assessment of early diastolic annulus velocity and annulus reversus by TDI improves the differentiation of constriction from restrictive myocardial disease, which can be further facilitated by STE as a complementary tool. 3D echocardiography may be useful for the more precise assessment of pericardial diseases, such as pericardial effusion or pericardial masses as it provides incremental value to 2D echocardiography by detecting anatomic structures with higher accuracy. Applications of these newer echocardiographic techniques in the assessment of pericardial diseases are discussed in this chapter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-275
Number of pages9
JournalHeart Failure Reviews
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

Keywords

  • 3D echocardiography
  • Pericardial diseases
  • Speckle tracking echocardiography
  • Tissue Doppler imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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