To evaluate whether myocardial texture changes resulting from acute ischemia can be visualized with satisfactory spatial resolution, short axis compound echo images (CEI) (B-scan) were obtained from 12 excised canine hearts in vitro. Seven had myocardial ischemia produced by open chest ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) for 15-30 min prior to excision. The CEI were constructed by compounding 60 simple linear B-scans. Hearts were sectioned after scanning, and gross morphological changes were recorded. Microscopic comparison between grossly abnormal and normal regions were recorded. The CEI from the ischemic group revealed altered myocardial texture seen as bright coarsely granular echoes in the regions normally perfused by the ligated LAD artery. Corresponding anatomic sections revealed increased redness in these regions. Microscopically these regions revealed interstitial and intercellular edema as compared to the normal regions. Acute myocardial ischemia can be visualized in CEI and these regions have significantly increased backscatter, decreased attenuation, and decreased speed of ultrasound relative to normal regions in the same hearts. Myocardial edema is probably responsible for these changes.
- 2D echo texture of ischemic myocardium
- Myocardial ischemia
- Ultrasound tissue characterization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics