Pericardial effusions are common in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The differential diagnosis is diverse, and in most cases the etiology cannot be established. A cardiac tamponade was diagnosed in a 32year-old male with AIDS and systemic Kaposi's sarcoma. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a large pericardial effusion with right atrial collapse and a mobile multilobular mass at the apex protruding into pericardial space. Autopsy showed that this mass was Kaposi's sarcoma confined to the epicardial fat. This is the first case of cardiac Kaposi's sarcoma detected premortem by echocardiography.
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
- Cardiac tamponade
- Kaposi's sarcoma
- Pericardial effusion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine