Early use of a mechanical stretching device to improve mandibular mobility after composite resection: A pilot study

Erik G. Cohen, Daniel G. Deschler, Kathleen Walsh, Richard E Hayden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the use of a mechanical stretching device, the Therabite, for the early postoperative management of trismus in select patients. Design: Prospective series of consecutive head and neck cancer patients. Setting: Academic, tertiary referral center. Participants: Seven patients with oropharyngeal carcinoma who underwent resection and radial forearm flap reconstruction. Five had midline mandibulotomy procedures for exposure. Six had radiation therapy (2 pre, 4 post). Interventions: Patients were given a Therabite mechanical jaw mobilization device, were instructed in its proper use, and began using it within 6 weeks postoperatively. Main Outcome Measures: Maximal interincisor opening (MIO) was measured at the beginning of use and at the most recent postoperative visit. A 5-question self-assessment telephone survey was administered on study completion. Results: The average MIO was 30mm (range, 21-38mm) at the beginning of the study and 40mm (range, 30-57mm) at the last visit. Average gain in MIO was 10mm (range, 1-21mm). Four of 5 assessable patients had minimal or no limitation on overall quality of life relative to jaw opening. No complications were associated with use of the device. Two patients could not be located for follow-up. Conclusions: The Therabite mechanical stretching device is effective and safe for the management of trismus in a select group of head and neck cancer patients after extensive ablation and complex reconstruction. Specifically, there were no adverse effects in the 5 patients who had undergone midline mandibulotomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1416-1419
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume86
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Equipment and Supplies
Trismus
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Jaw
Telephone
Forearm
Tertiary Care Centers
Radiotherapy
Quality of Life
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Carcinoma

Keywords

  • Head and neck neoplasms
  • Rehabilitation
  • Surgical flaps
  • Trismus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Early use of a mechanical stretching device to improve mandibular mobility after composite resection : A pilot study. / Cohen, Erik G.; Deschler, Daniel G.; Walsh, Kathleen; Hayden, Richard E.

In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 86, No. 7, 07.2005, p. 1416-1419.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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