Early predictors of mortality for hospitalized patients suffering cardiopulmonary arrest

D. Roberts, K. Landolfo, R. B. Light, K. Dobson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Few if any prearrest or intraarrest variables have been identified as highly predictive of inhospital mortality following cardiopulmonary arrest. A total of 310 consecutive patients requiring advanced cardiac life support during the calendar years 1985 and 1986 were reviewed with respect to eight specific variables. These included age, diagnosis, location, mechanism of the event, duration of resuscitation, whether the event was witnessed or unwitnessed, the initial observed rhythm and medications administered. A total of 37.1 percent of the patients were sucessfully resuscitated, but only 9.7 percent survived until discharge. Factors strongly associated with inhospital mortality included unwitnessed events (p = 0.0316), the need for epinephrine (p = 0.0003), identification of electromechanical dissociation or asystole as initial rhythms (p = 0.0000), and cardiac vs respiratory mechanism of arrest (p = 0.0000).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-419
Number of pages7
JournalChest
Volume97
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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Hospital Mortality
Heart Arrest
Advanced Cardiac Life Support
Mortality
Resuscitation
Epinephrine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Roberts, D., Landolfo, K., Light, R. B., & Dobson, K. (1990). Early predictors of mortality for hospitalized patients suffering cardiopulmonary arrest. Chest, 97(2), 413-419.

Early predictors of mortality for hospitalized patients suffering cardiopulmonary arrest. / Roberts, D.; Landolfo, K.; Light, R. B.; Dobson, K.

In: Chest, Vol. 97, No. 2, 1990, p. 413-419.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roberts, D, Landolfo, K, Light, RB & Dobson, K 1990, 'Early predictors of mortality for hospitalized patients suffering cardiopulmonary arrest', Chest, vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 413-419.
Roberts D, Landolfo K, Light RB, Dobson K. Early predictors of mortality for hospitalized patients suffering cardiopulmonary arrest. Chest. 1990;97(2):413-419.
Roberts, D. ; Landolfo, K. ; Light, R. B. ; Dobson, K. / Early predictors of mortality for hospitalized patients suffering cardiopulmonary arrest. In: Chest. 1990 ; Vol. 97, No. 2. pp. 413-419.
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