Allergen provocation of allergic asthma patients is often characterized by an initial period of bronchoconstriction, or early phase reaction (EPR), that leads to maximal airway narrowing within 15-30 min, followed by a recovery period returning airway function to baseline within 1-2 h. In this study, we used a defined OVA provocation model and mice deficient for specific leukocyte populations to investigate the cellular/molecular origins of the EPR. OVA-sensitized/challenged wild-type (C57BL/6J) mice displayed an EPR following OVA provocation. However, this response was absent in gene knockout animals deficient of either B or T cells. Moreover, transfer of OVA-specific IgG, but not IgE, before the OVA provocation, was capable of inducing the EPR in both strains of lymphocyte-deficient mice. Interestingly, an EPR was also observed in sensitized/challenged mast cell-deficient mice following an OVA provocation. These data show that the EPR in the mouse is an immunologically based pathophysiological response that requires allergen-specific IgG but occurs independent of mast cell activities. Thus, in the mouse the initial period of bronchoconstriction following allergen exposure may involve neither mast cells nor IgE-mediated events.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy