Early lesion formation in colorectal carcinogenesis is associated with adiponectin status whereas neoplastic lesions are associated with diet and sex in C57BL/6J mice

Rebecca L. Boddicker, Elizabeth Whitley, Diane F. Birt, Michael E. Spurlock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adiponectin is an antiinflammatory and insulin-sensitizing hormone that is decreased in obesity. Although controversial, it has been suggested that decreased adiponectin contributes to colorectal cancer risk in obesity. To further investigate the role of adiponectin in obesity-linked colorectal carcinogenesis, we used male and female adiponectin knockout (KO) and wild-type (Wt) C57BL/6J mice. Tumorigenesis was induced in all mice with the combined treatment of azoxymethane (AOM) and dextran sodium sulfate (DSS). Following AOM/DSS treatment, mice were fed a low-fat control (LFC), or high-fat lard (HFL) diet for 7 1/2 wk. KO mice developed fewer total lesions than Wt mice, males developed fewer lesions than females, and mice fed the HFL diet developed fewer lesions than those fed the LFC diet. Early lesion multiplicity was influenced by genotype, whereas advanced lesion development was influenced by sex and diet. Moreover, lesion types were differentially correlated with serum adipokines and colon gene expression of adiponectin receptors, insulin receptor, and toll-like receptor 4. These data suggest that in the AOM/DSS model of carcinogenesis, adiponectin functions to promote early lesion development whereas sex and diet are important regulators of advanced lesion development through pathways involved in inflammation and insulin signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1297-1306
Number of pages10
JournalNutrition and Cancer
Volume63
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Oncology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Cancer Research

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