Early History of Home Parenteral Nutrition: From Hospital to Home

Ryan T Hurt, Ezra Steiger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Technologic advances in the past century have led to the ability to safely deliver parenteral nutrition (PN) to hospitalized patients. Key breakthroughs included the development of saline and glucose infusions, infusion pumps, macronutrients (lipids, dextrose, and amino acids), and central venous catheters. In the 1960s, centrally delivered PN was performed in short-term hospitalized patients by Lincoln James Lawson (North Staffordshire Royal Infirmatory, United Kingdom) and long-term patients by Stanley Dudrick (University of Pennsylvania, United States). These early studies showed that a system was needed that would allow patients with intestinal failure to be discharged from the hospital and receive home PN (HPN). In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Belding Scribner, Maurice Shils, Khursheed Jeejeebhoy, Marvin Ament, Dudrick, and their teams discharged patients from the hospital who then self-administered HPN. Shortly after these early cases of HPN, multidisciplinary centers were established first in North America, and later in Europe, to manage these complex cases. The current article describes the patients treated by these early HPN pioneers, in addition to subsequent case series reported by them and others.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)598-613
Number of pages16
JournalNutrition in Clinical Practice
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

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Keywords

  • central venous catheters
  • history
  • home care services
  • home parenteral nutrition
  • nutrition support
  • parenteral nutrition
  • parenteral nutrition solutions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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