Tumor-promoting inflammation and avoiding immune destruction are hallmarks of cancer. Here, we demonstrate that the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-18 is critically involved in these hallmarks in multiple myeloma (MM). Mice deficient for IL-18 were remarkably protected from Vk∗MYC MM progression in a CD8+ T cell-dependent manner. The MM-niche-derived IL-18 drove generation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), leading to accelerated disease progression. A global transcriptome analysis of the immune microenvironment in 73 MM patients strongly supported the negative impact of IL-18-driven MDSCs on T cell responses. Strikingly, high levels of bone marrow plasma IL-18 were associated with poor overall survival in MM patients. Furthermore, our preclinical studies suggested that IL-18 could be a potential therapeutic target in MM. Nakamura et al. show that IL-18 produced by the multiple myeloma (MM) niche promotes MM progression in a CD8+ T cell-dependent manner in a mouse model and that IL-18 could be a potential therapeutic target in MM. High levels of bone marrow plasma IL-18 are associated with poor overall survival in MM patients.
- myeloid-derived suppressor cells
- tumor microenvironment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Cancer Research