Dysfunction of executive and related processes in childhood absence epilepsy

Lisa L. Conant, Angus Wilfong, Christopher Inglese, Andrea Schwarte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

The nature and extent of the neuropsychological difficulties associated with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) remain unclear. Because aberrant thalamocortical rhythms have been implicated in the pathogenesis of CAE, it was hypothesized that children with CAE would show greater difficulties in neuropsychological domains that are thought to be subserved by basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuits. Multivariate analysis of variance was used to compare the neuropsychological functioning of 16 children with CAE with that of 14 children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and 15 healthy children. The CAE group did not perform differently from the other groups on measures of intellectual functioning, memory, academic achievement, fine motor speed, or processing speed. In contrast, significant differences were found in problem solving, letter fluency, complex motor control, attention/behavioral inhibition, and psychosocial functioning. These results suggest that children with CAE show difficulties in neuropsychological functions thought to be subserved by the same regions implicated in the pathogenesis of the disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)414-423
Number of pages10
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Basal ganglia- thalamocortical circuitry
  • Childhood absence epilepsy
  • Executive functions
  • Psychosocial functioning
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this