Background: Multiple studies have shown that patch angioplasty after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) reduces the risk of stroke and restenosis when compared with primary closure. Biological, synthetic, or vein patches have been traditionally used in CEA. This article reports the early and long-term outcomes of bovine pericardium (BP) for patch angioplasty in CEA. Methods: A retrospective, consecutive analysis of 874 patients who underwent CEA during the past 17 years at Mayo Clinic, Florida, was performed. BP patch (BPP) was used in 680 patients. Other CEA techniques were used in 194 patients (standard without patch, 78; standard with Dacron, 74; standard with vein patch, 16; and other techniques: bypasses, 26). We defined group 1 as those who underwent BPP angioplasty and group 2 as those who underwent all other techniques. Early and late clinical outcomes and patch-related complications (restenosis, infection, and hematoma) were recorded and analyzed. Results: Median follow-up for the entire series was 39.6 months. There were no statistically significant differences in 30-day mortality and morbidity between the 2 groups, except that BP group has less 30-day stroke (0.1%, 1 of 680) versus other techniques (1.5%, 3 of 194, P = 0.03). Thirty-day postoperative mortality rate was 0.1% (1 of 680) in BPP group and 1.0% (2 of 194) in other technique group (P = 0.13). No statistically significant difference was noted in 30-day postoperative major complications (transient ischemic attack [TIA], wound infection, hematoma requiring surgical evacuation, and nerve injury) between the 2 groups. Ten-year freedom from stroke/TIA were 97.8% in the BP group compared with 98.5% in the other group (P = 0.86). Ten-year freedom from restenosis was also similar between groups (89.0% BP vs. 90.4% others, P = 0.69). Ten-year survival rate was 38.4% in BP group and 45.0% in other technique group, and this was statistically significant on univariate analysis only. Conclusions: CEA with BP angioplasty has excellent early and late outcomes with minor morbidity and mortality.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine