Dual VEGF inhibition with sorafenib and bevacizumab as salvage therapy in metastatic colorectal cancer: results of the phase II North Central Cancer Treatment Group study N054C (Alliance)

Hao Xie, Jacqueline M. Lafky, Bruce W. Morlan, Philip J. Stella, Shaker R. Dakhil, Gerald G. Gross, William S. Loui, Joleen M. Hubbard, Steven R. Alberts, Axel Grothey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Bevacizumab (BEV), a monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), is a standard component of medical therapy of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Activation of alternative angiogenesis pathways has been implicated in resistance to BEV. This phase II study examines the activity of combined vertical blockade of VEGF signaling with sorafenib and BEV as salvage therapy in patients with progressive disease (PD) on all standard therapy in mCRC. Methods: mCRC patients with documented PD on standard therapy, received sorafenib (200 mg orally twice daily, days 1–5 and 8–12) and BEV (5 mg/kg intravenously, day 1) every 2 weeks. Primary endpoint was 3-month progression-free survival (PFS) rate and secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS), response rate (RR), safety, and feasibility. Results: Of the 83 patients enrolled, 79 were evaluable. Of these, 42 (53%) were progression-free at 3 months. Median PFS was 3.5 months and median OS was 8.3 months. One patient had a partial response and 50 patients (63.3%) had at least one stable tumor assessment. Of 79 evaluable patients, 54 (68%) experienced grade 3/4 adverse events (AEs) at least possibly related to treatment. Most frequent grade 3/4 AEs were: fatigue (24.1%), hypertension (16.5%), elevated lipase (8.9%), hand-foot skin reaction (8.9%), diarrhea (7.6%), and proteinuria (7.6%). Reasons for treatment discontinuation were PD (72%), AEs (18%), patient refusal (8%), physician decision (1%), and death (1%). Conclusions: The combination of BEV and sorafenib as salvage therapy in heavily pretreated mCRC patients is tolerable and manageable, with evidence of promising activity. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00826540, URL:http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00826540

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTherapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • antiangiogenesis
  • bevacizumab
  • colorectal cancer
  • single nucleotide polymorphism
  • sorafenib

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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