DPPX potassium channel antibody: Frequency, clinical accompaniments, and outcomes in 20 patients

William Oliver Tobin, Vanda A. Lennon, Lars Komorowski, Christian Probst, Stacey Lynn Clardy, Allen J. Aksamit, Juan Pablo Appendino, Claudia F. Lucchinetti, Joseph Y. Matsumoto, Sean J. Pittock, Paola Sandroni, Maja Tippmann-Peikert, Elaine C. Wirrell, Andrew McKeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To describe the detection frequency and clinical associations of immunoglobulin G (IgG) targeting dipeptidyl-peptidase-like protein-6 (DPPX), a regulatory subunit of neuronal Kv4.2 potassium channels. Methods: Specimens from 20 patients evaluated on a service basis by tissue-based immunofluorescence yielded a synaptic immunostaining pattern consistent with DPPX-IgG (serum, 20; CSF, all 7 available). Transfected HEK293 cell-based assay confirmed DPPX specificity in all specimens. Sixty-nine patients with stiff-person syndrome and related disorders were also evaluated by DPPX-IgG cell-based assay. Results: Of 20 seropositive patients, 12 were men; median symptom onset age was 53 years (range, 13-75). Symptom onset was insidious in 15 and subacute in 5. Twelve patients reported prodromal weight loss. Neurologic disorders were multifocal. All had one or more brain or brainstem manifestations: Amnesia (16), delirium (8), psychosis (4), depression (4), seizures (2), and brainstem disorders (15; eye movement disturbances [8], ataxia [7], dysphagia [6], dysarthria [4], respiratory failure [3]). Nine patients reported sleep disturbance. Manifestations of central hyperexcitability included myoclonus (8), exaggerated startle (6), diffuse rigidity (6), and hyperreflexia (6). Dysautonomia involved the gastrointestinal tract (9; diarrhea [6], gastroparesis, and constipation [3]), bladder (7), cardiac conduction system (3), and thermoregulation (1). Two patients had B-cell neoplasms: gastrointestinal lymphoma (1), and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (1). Substantial neurologic improvements followed immunotherapy in 7 of 11 patients with available treatment data. DPPX-IgG was not detected in any of the stiff-person syndrome patients. Conclusions: DPPX-IgG is a biomarker for an immunotherapy-responsive multifocal neurologic disorder of the central and autonomic nervous systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1797-1803
Number of pages7
JournalNeurology
Volume83
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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