Propafenone was administered during electrophysiologic testing to determine its efficacy and safety for terminating and preventing reinduction of paroxysmal supraventricular reentrant tachycardia. Four men and 10 women (mean age 50 years, range 28 to 69) were studied. Five patients had Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with orthodromic atrioventricular (AV) reentrant tachycardia, three had a concealed accessory pathway with AV reentrant tachycardia and six had tachycardia due to reentry within the AV node. In the five patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, propafenone terminated reentrant tachycardia in three (the tachycardia was reinducible in one) and had no effect in two. In the three patients with a concealed accessory pathway, propafenone terminated reentrant tachycardia in all three and prevented reinduction of the tachycardia in two. In the six patients with tachycardia due to reentry within the AV node, propafenone terminated and prevented reinduction of reentrant tachycardia. Propafenone had no effect on blood pressure, heart rate, PA interval, AV node refractoriness or rate of reentrant tachycardia. Propafenone significantly (p < 0.05) prolonged the AH, HV, QRS and ventriculoatrial intervals and decreased the AV node Wenckebach rate. Of the nine patients receiving long-term oral propafenone therapy, eight had a reduction of at least 90% in reentrant tachycardia during a mean follow-up period of 14.5 months (range 11 to 22); all eight patients had had noninducible reentrant tachycardia after intravenous propafenone. One patient had increased frequency of reentrant tachycardia; this patient had had inducible reentrant tachycardia after intravenous propafenone. In conclusion, intravenously administered propafenone terminated reentrant tachycardia in 85% of patients and prevented reinduction in 71%, with no adverse hemodynamic effects.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine