Dose-efficient ultrahigh-resolution scan mode using a photon counting detector computed tomography system

Shuai Leng, Zhicong Yu, Ahmed Halaweish, Steffen Kappler, Katharina Hahn, Andre Henning, Zhoubo Li, John Lane, David L. Levin, Steven Jorgensen, Erik Ritman, Cynthia H McCollough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

An ultrahigh-resolution (UHR) data collection mode was enabled on a whole-body, research photon counting detector (PCD) computed tomography system. In this mode, 64 rows of 0.45 mm × 0.45 mm detector pixels were used, which corresponded to a pixel size of 0.25 mm × 0.25 mm at the isocenter. Spatial resolution and image noise were quantitatively assessed for the UHR PCD scan mode, as well as for a commercially available UHR scan mode that uses an energy-integrating detector (EID) and a set of comb filters to decrease the effective detector size. Images of an anthropomorphic lung phantom, cadaveric swine lung, swine heart specimen, and cadaveric human temporal bone were qualitatively assessed. Nearly equivalent spatial resolution was demonstrated by the modulation transfer function measurements: 15.3 and 20.3 lp Mcm spatial frequencies were achieved at 10% and 2% modulation, respectively, for the PCD system and 14.2 and 18.6 lp Mcm for the EID system. Noise was 29% lower in the PCD UHR images compared to the EID UHR images, representing a potential dose savings of 50% for equivalent image noise. PCD UHR images from the anthropomorphic phantom and cadaveric specimens showed clear delineation of small structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number043504
JournalJournal of Medical Imaging
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • high-resolution mode
  • photon counting detector
  • spatial resolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Leng, S., Yu, Z., Halaweish, A., Kappler, S., Hahn, K., Henning, A., Li, Z., Lane, J., Levin, D. L., Jorgensen, S., Ritman, E., & McCollough, C. H. (2016). Dose-efficient ultrahigh-resolution scan mode using a photon counting detector computed tomography system. Journal of Medical Imaging, 3(4), [043504]. https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JMI.3.4.043504