Purpose: This investigation sought to optimize ultrasmall particles of iron oxide (USPIO) contrast agent dosage for visualizing cerebral microvasculature on an 8.0-Tesla ultra high field magnetic resonance imaging system. Materials and Methods: USPIO contrast agent was intravenously administered to 3 groups of 4 rats at 1,2, and 3 mg Fe/kg. Each animal was scanned before and after injection of USPIO using a high resolution T2*-weighted gradient recalled echo sequence with an in-plane resolution of 78 μm. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and the number of microvessels visualized within the cortex and basal ganglia were calculated and compared before and after the administration of USPIO. Results: As the USPIO dose increased, microvascular conspicuity increased, and SNR decreased. A dosage of 2 mg Fe/kg improved microvascular visualization in both cortex and basal ganglion regions relative to 1 mg Fe/kg without significantly sacrificing SNR as was the case at 3 mg Fe/kg. Conclusion: Two mg Fe/kg USPIO is an optimal dose when imaging normal rat cerebral microvasculature using GRE T2*-weighted MR imaging at a field strength of 8 T.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Oct 2005|
- Magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging