To evaluate the hemodynamic changes occurring with percutaneous aortic balloon valvuloplasty for aortic stenosis, Doppler echocardiography was performed during the procedure in 16 patients. During balloon inflation, peak velocity and ejection time of the aortic valve systolic signals increased (26 and 30%, respectively; p < 0.001). Aortic regurgitation deceleration time decreased from 1,337 to 625 ms (p < 0.001). In three patients, aortic regurgitation stopped before end-diastole; in four patients, end-diastole forward flow across the aortic valve was documented. The deceleration time of the mitral valve inflow signal decreased from 303 to 194 ms (p < 0.001) during balloon inflation, concurrently with an increase in left ventricular diastolic pressure. Mitral regurgitation signals became more prominent during inflation in 10 patients. Changes that occur during balloon inflation in the aortic valve include progressive left ventricular outflow obstruction, equalization of diastolic aortic and left ventricular pressures and changes in diastolic compliance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine