Dopamine D1 receptor stimulates cathepsin K-dependent degradation and resorption of collagen I in lung fibroblasts

Ana M. Diaz Espinosa, Patrick A. Link, Delphine Sicard, Ignasi Jorba, Daniel J. Tschumperlin, Andrew J. Haak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Matrix resorption is essential to the clearance of the extracellular matrix (ECM) after normal wound healing. A disruption in these processes constitutes a main component of fibrotic diseases, characterized by excess deposition and diminished clearance of fibrillar ECM proteins, such as collagen type I. The mechanisms and stimuli regulating ECM resorption in the lung remain poorly understood. Recently, agonism of dopamine receptor D1 (DRD1), which is predominantly expressed on fibroblasts in the lung, has been shown to accelerate tissue repair and clearance of ECM following bleomycin injury in mice. Therefore, we investigated whether DRD1 receptor signaling promotes the degradation of collagen type I by lung fibroblasts. For cultured fibroblasts, we found that DRD1 agonism enhances extracellular cleavage, internalization and lysosomal degradation of collagen I mediated by cathepsin K, which results in reduced stiffness of cell-derived matrices, as measured by atomic force microscopy. In vivo agonism of DRD1 similarly enhanced fibrillar collagen degradation by fibroblasts, as assessed by tissue labeling with a collagen-hybridizing peptide. Together, these results implicate DRD1 agonism in fibroblast-mediated collagen clearance, suggesting an important role for this mechanism in fibrosis resolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberjcs248278
JournalJournal of cell science
Volume133
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Cathepsin K
  • Dopamine receptor
  • Fibrosis
  • Resolution
  • Resorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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